What is Educational Administration? Types of Educational Management

Educational management: The educational administrator’s job is to keep the school’s entire process running smoothly by making decisions that help students learn more effectively. The administrator defines and articulates a school’s mission and goals, then implements programmes, delegates work, and allocates resources to make them a reality. A good educational administrator is imaginative, collaborative, and enthusiastic about the area.

Introduction of Educational Administration: The study and practice of managing the resources, duties, and communications involved in running a school is known as educational administration. The term “school administration” refers to the leadership of private or public educational institutions.

The Function of Educational Administration:

Whether she’s known as the superintendent, head of school, president, or principal, the institution’s senior administrator is the equivalent of a chief executive officer in business.

She is involved in personnel matters, budget choices, curriculum development, and the establishment of policies that will be followed by both staff and students.

Administrators are in charge of defining the tone of the institution and serving as its public face. Assistant administrators are frequently employed by school districts, colleges, and universities to oversee budgets, curriculum, and people.

Other educational administrators operate in governmental and commercial agencies and organizations in research and policy-making capacities, where students are rarely present.

Importance of Educational Administration/Management (Degrees)

An advanced educational administration degree, such as a Master of Education, Master of Arts in Educational Leadership, or a Doctor of Education, is often required of an educational administrator.

The sociology and law of education, educational research, curricular and instructional methodologies, and leadership and management abilities are often included in masters in administration programmes.

Advanced study in leadership, educational theory, practice, and planning, supervisory abilities, research and statistics, and organizational dynamics is required for a Ph.D. degree.

Types of Educational Administration/Management:

Top 4 Major Types of Educational Management:

Centralized and Decentralized Educational Management:

On the one hand, this type of educational management refers to the centralization of educational administration, supervision, and control, which results in educational management, and on the other hand, it refers to the division and distribution of educational administration, supervision, and control, which results in educational management.

  1. Decentralized educational management is the acknowledged kind of educational management in today’s modern educational system among these two types of educational management.
  2. Centralized educational management: All kinds of authorities and duties in regard to educational management are vested in one hand under centralized educational management. He or she might be a genuine or symbolic leader. Assume that in the sphere of higher education, the Director, Higher Education is the true executive head, with complete control over all authorities and responsibilities. Additional Director, Deputy Director, and Assistant Director are the other associate officials who keep mute on the subject.

External and Internal Educational Management:

      1. External Educational Management: The components, circumstances, and supporting agencies that give chances and facilities for the seamless management of educational programmes from an external perspective are referred to as external management of educational programmes. External administration of educational programmes refers to the people or components who are indirectly involved in its management from a humanitarian standpoint.
      2. Internal Educational Management: Internal Educational Administration refers to the management of any educational programme entrusted to those who are actively and internally involved in the program’s management. It refers to the institution’s or school’s headmaster/principal, as well as other teaching employees, students, and non-teaching staff.

Democratic Educational Management:

Democracy, as an accepted system, has a significant impact on the construction of societies since it allows individuals to be placed in a subject position in life.

Furthermore, democracy aids in the transformation of ideologies in a variety of fields, ranging from law to economics, and from government reform to everyday life. Many cultures have adopted a democratic atmosphere as a result of this feature of democracy.

Equality, social and political engagement, freedom of choice through voting, the abolition of violence as a means of achieving social and political goals, and the practice of compromise are all characteristics of democracy.

In addition, it comprises the fundamental value of a human being as a human being, as well as a free environment to maintain that value.

Authoritarian/Autocratic Educational Management

Authoritarian management, like centralized management, has a function to perform. The concentration of educational management authority and responsibility in and exercised by a central entity, organization, or agency is known as centralized management. It indicates that one central agency plans and directs all policies and programmes.

The primary agency, in this case, might be a single individual or a group of people known as the “core group.” When all of a person’s or group’s powers and duties are concentrated in one person or organization, the phrase authoritarian or autocracy is used.

In this context, it will sufficient to examine authoritarian/autocratic administration, in which power and control are concentrated in the hands of a single person, group, or organization. The rights of this management are total and ultimate, and educational management is monopolistic.

Every area of education is managed by one person under this style of educational administration. And educational administration becomes centralized, dominated by bureaucracy, which maintains power by enforcing severe laws, rules, and regulations.

Creative Educational Management:

Every educational program’s creative management reflects the individuality of the educational institution’s leader. It refers to when any educational program’s educational management is carried out in a desired and acceptable manner by utilizing the creative abilities of all involved from top to bottom.

General Faqs:

What is the meaning of educational administration?

Educational administration is a branch of education that studies the philosophy and practice of educational administration in general, as well as educational institutions and educators in particular.

What is the main purpose of educational administration?

The educational administrator’s job is to keep the school’s entire process running smoothly by making decisions that help students learn more effectively.

What are the types of educational administration?

The types are (1) Centralized and Decentralized Education Management, (2) External and Internal Education Management, (3) Autocratic and Democratic Educational Management (4) Creative Educational Management.

What are the principles of educational administration?

The principles are (1) Structural Democracy, (2) Operational Democracy (3) Justice (4) Equality of Opportunity (5) Prudence (6) Adaptability, Flexibility, and Stability.

What is educational management?

The method by which school administrators manage the resources available to achieve the educational system’s goals as decided by educational leaders is referred to as educational management.

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